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BIBLE LOGIC PUZZLE NUMBER 2 - ANSWERS

Puzzle Number 1  -  Index to All Puzzles

Here are two ways to solve the puzzle (there may be other ways). Use the table chart provided or make your own chart by labeling 5 columns in order, left to right, with DATE, MAN IN ROME, WRITER, GREETINGS, and NEWS, and follow with five blank rows beneath. Then fill in the chart using the following steps from either Method 1 or Method 2 (perhaps less complicated than Method 1):

Method 1

  1. Fill in the column below DATE with 10, 15, 18, 21, and 25.


  2. The first letter received on the 10th could not have come from Kratoria (Ephras) to Paul (which came after the letter to the army officer [clue 1]), or from Adrus to Aristarchus (which came after the letter with 8 greetings [clue 2]), or from Brutus to Luke (which came after the letter with 4 greetings [clue 3]), or from someone's father (Demos [Puzzle 1], whose letter came after Brutus's letter to Luke [clue 3]). The letter on the 10th came from Claudus, the son, to Julius, the army officer [clue 1].


  3. The last letter received on the 25th could not have come from Claudus to Julius (which came on the 10th), or from Kratoria (Ephras) to Paul (which came before the letter from the one who fell sick [clue 1]), or from Adrus to Aristarchus (whose letter came exactly 3 days after another letter, thus on the 18th or 21st [clue 2]), or from Brutus to Luke (whose letter came sometime before the letter written to someone's father [clue 3]). The letter on the 25th came from Demos, the father, to Gaius.


  4. The letters from Adrus to Aristarchus [clue 2] and from Brutus to Luke [clue 3] could only come exactly 3 days after another date, so therefore they came, in some order, on the 18th and 21st. The letter from Kratoria (Ephras, the friend of Paul) [clue 1], came on the 15th.


  5. The letter that came exactly 3 days before Brutus's letter to Luke [clue 3] contained 4 greetings, but was not from the friend, who was Ephras (on the 15th), so Luke could not have received his letter on the 18th; he received his letter on the 21st. Therefore, Aristarchus received his letter from Adrus on the 18th. The letter 3 days before Luke (which was the one from Adrus to Aristarchus on the 18th) had 4 greetings; the letter 3 days before Adrus to Aristarchus [clue 2] (which was from Ephras to Paul on the 10th) had 8 greetings.


  6. The letter that came on the 21st had X number of greetings, and the one that came on the 25th had X+1 greetings [clue 4]. The letters of the 15th and 18th had 8 and 4 greetings, and there were also 5 and 11 [Intro.] plus an unknown number, either X or X+1 [clue 4], but not both, received in some order on the 10th, 21st, and 25th. If the 21st (X) is 5, then the 25th (X+1) is 6; if the 21st (X) is 11, then the 25th (X+1) is 12. However, if the 25th (X+1) is 5, then X=4, and that is impossible because the letter on the 18th already has 4 greetings, therefore 5 for the 25th (X+1=5) is not possible. If the 25th (X+1) is 11, then the 21st (X) is 10. That leaves the known greetings numbers as 4 (18th), 5 (10th or 21st), 8 (15th), and 11 (21st or 25th), and one other possible choice, either 10 (for the 21st) or 6 or 12 (for the 25th.) The letter from the person who needed money had exactly half as many greetings as the date on which it was received [clue 5], and the 10th with a greeting number of 5 (Claudus writing to Julius) is the only date that fits, leaving 11 greetings for either the 21st (X) or 25th (X+1) and eliminating 6 as a choice for the 25th. The letter from Demos on the 25th did not have 11 greetings [clue 2], therefore 12 is the only remaining number for the 25th, leaving 11 for the 21st.


  7. The letter on the 10th to Julius, with 5 greetings, had more greetings than the letter from the person who was getting married [clue 7], thus the letter with 4 greetings on the 18th is from Adrus, who was getting married. The one who wanted to come to Rome is from Moratoria [clue 6], and is therefore Brutus writing to Luke [Puzzle 1], whose letter arrived on the 21st. The letter from the person who fell sick arrived after the letter on the 15th from Ephras in Kratoria [clue 1], therefore Demos who wrote to Gaius on the 25th is the one who fell sick. The only news left is from Ephras, who wrote Paul about being persecuted.


Method 2

  1. Fill in the column below DATE with 10, 15, 18, 21, and 25.


  2. The letter with 8 greetings arrived exactly 3 days before the reply from Adrus [clue 2] (to Aristarchus [Puzzle 1]), so 8 greetings is either the 15th or 18th, and Adrus is either the 18th or 21st. The letter to Luke (from Brutus [Puzzle 1]) arrived exactly 3 days after the letter with 4 greetings, so 4 greetings is either the 15th or 18th, and Luke is on the 18th or 21st. Luke and Adrus, therefore, are on the 18th and 21st in some order, and 4 and 8 greetings are on the 15th and 18th in some order.


  3. The letter from Kratoria (a reply to Paul from his friend Ephrus [Puzzle 1]) arrived after the letter to the army officer but before the letter from the person who fell sick [clue 1]. With Luke and Adrus on the 18th and 21st, that leaves only the 15th for the letter from Ephras to Paul. The letter from the person who fell sick could have come on the 18th, 21st, or 25th. The letter to the army officer, who is Julius [Puzzle 1] arrived on the 10th and is from his son, Claudus [Puzzle 1]. The only remaining letter, on the 25th, is therefore to Gaius from his father, Demos [Puzzle 1].


  4. The letter with 4 greetings was not from the friend [clue 3] (Ephras, the friend of Paul [Puzzle 1]), so the letter from Ephras had 8 greetings, and the letter on the 18th had 4 greetings. There were also 5 and 11 greetings [Intro.], so they would come on 2 of the 3 remaining dates, the 10th, 21st, or 25th. The last letter to arrive, from Demos on the 25th, had 1 more greeting than the letter of the 21st [clue 4], but did not have 11 greetings [clue 2]. If the 25th had 5 greetings, then the 21st would have 4 greetings, and that would be impossible, as the 18th has 4 greetings. If the 21st is either 5 or 11, then the 25th is either 6 or 12. This leaves the known number of greetings as 4 (18th), 5 and 11 (10th and 21st in some order), and either 6 or 12 for the 25th.


  5. The person in Morotoria (who wanted to come to Rome) [clue 6] is Brutus writing to Luke [Puzzle 1] on the 21st, and his letter did not have 5 greetings [clue 6], so has 11. The letter on the 25th, therefore, has 12 greetings, not 6, and the letter of the 10th has 5 greetings. The total number of greetings from the person who needed money is exactly half the number of the date the letter arrived [clue 5], and the 10th with 5 greetings is the only one that fits that description. The letter to Julius on the 10th, with 5 greetings, included more greetings than the one from the person who was getting married [clue 7], so that was the one from Adrus on the 21st with 4 greetings. Demos is the one who wrote that he had fallen sick [clue 1]. Therefore, Ephras wrote to Paul about being persecuted.

In summary:

DATE    MAN IN ROME    WRITER GREETINGS NEWS
10 Julius Claudus 5 Needs Money
15 Paul Ephrus 8 Being Persecuted
18 Aristarchus Adrus 4 Getting Married
21 Luke Brutus 11 Come to Rome
25 Gaius Demos 12 Fallen Sick