Better Days Are Coming



Pay Attention to Daniel's Prophecy!

Word Pronunciation Chart

| KEY to Phonetic Pronunciation |

(Last update: 30 March 2006)

For phonetic pronunciation of many other Bible words (including words from various Bible translations and Strong's Hebrew and Greek numbers), and additional related historical and religious words, go here: betterdaysarecoming.com/bible/pronunciation.html, or go to Home Page at betterdaysarecoming.com and click on the Bible Pronunciation link.

Underlined words in the "Pronunciation" column most closely match the audio pronunciation on the 2004 Watchtower Library CD.



WORD PAGE     NW TRANSLATION PRONUNCIATION
       

A  -  KEY

     
Abednego 35 A·bed'ne·go uh-BED-nih-goh (not uh-BEN-dih-goh)
Achilles 154 uh-KIL-eez (not AK-uhl-eez)
Actium 231 AK-shee-uhm, -tee-
Aegean 149 ih-JEE-uhn, ee- (not ay'JEE-uhn)
Agathocles 223 uh-GATH-uh-kleez'
Ahasuerus 133 A·hasu·e'rus uh-haz'yoo-EE-ruhs, ah-haz'uh-EE-ruhs, (not uh-HAZ-yoo-ruhs)
Ahura Mazda 151 ah-hoor'uh MAZ-duh (listen) (not  MAHZ-)
Akkadian 34 uh-KAY-dee-uhn
Aku 36 ?
Alexander 53 Alexander, Al·ex·an'der al'ig-ZAN-duhr, -ZAHN-
Ammon 160 AM-uhn, AM-ahn' (not  AY-muhn)
Anshan 149 ahn-shahn
Antigonus Gonatas 215 an-TIG-uh-nuhs goh-NAY-tuhs
Antiochus Epiphanes 13 an-TI -uh-kuhs, ayn-, ee-PIF-uh-neez
Anu 71 AY-noo, ah-NOO, UH-NOO
Apis 158 AY-pis
apocryphal 24 uh-POK-ruh-fuhl
Aramaic 26 Ar·a·ma'ic air'uh-MAY-ik
Arcadius 243 ahr-KAY-dee-uhs
Arioch 48 Ar'i·och AIR-ee-ok
Aristotelian 155 air'uh-stuh-TEEL-yuhn, -TEE-lee-uhn
Armada (Spanish) 138 ahr-MAH-duh, -MAY-, -MA-
Arminius 236 ahr-MIN-ee-uhs
Arrhidaeus 214 (Only one source found, which accents the third syllable) ahr-rih-DEE-uhs
Artaxerxes 52 Ar·ta·xerx'es ahr'tuh-ZUHRK-seez, ahr'tuh(g)-SERK-seez('), ahr'tak-SUHRK-seez
Ashpenaz 33 Ash'pe·naz ASH-peh-naz, -puh-
askance 283 uh-SKAN(T)S
Astyages 149 as-TI -uh-jeez
Athenian 197 uh-THEE-nee-uhn (listen), -nyuhn
Attalus 227 AT-uh-luhs
Augustus 211 Au·gus'tus uh-GUHS-tuhs, aw-
Aurelian 240 aw-REE-lee-uhn, aw-REEL-yuhn
Azariah 7 Az·a·ri'ah az'uh-RI -uh
       

B  -  KEY

     
Babylon 7 Babylon, Bab'y·lon BAB-uh-luhn, -lon'
Babylonian 7 bab'uh-LOH-nee-uhn, -LOHN-yuhn
Bactrian 160 BAK-tree-uhn
Bardiya 52 ?
Bel-sal-ussur 15 ?
Belshazzar (compare Belteshazzar)   8 Bel·shaz'zar bel-SHAZ-uhr
Belteshazzar (compare Belshazzar)   35 Bel·te·shaz'zar bel'tih-SHAZ-ahr, -uhr
Berenice 219 ber'uh-NI -see
Berossus 17 buh-ROS-suhs
Bismarck 259 BIZ-mahrk
Borsippa (modern Birs or Birs Nimrud) 100 bohr-SIP-puh
Bosnia 261 BOZ-nee-uh
Bosporus 167 BAHS-pur-uhs, BOS-puh-ruhs
Britannia 57 brih-TAN-ee-uh, -TAN-yuh
Byzantium 167 bih-ZAN-sh(ee-)uhm, -ZAN-tee-uhm
       

C  -  KEY

     
Caesar 232 Caesar, Cae'sar SEE-zuhr
Caesarea 224 Caes·a·re'a ses'uh-REE-uh, sez'uh-, see'zuh-
Caius 231 KAY-uhs
Caligula 239 kuh-LIG-yuh-luh
caliph 243 KAY-luhf, KA-
Cambyses 52 kam-BI -seez
Carchemish 31 Car'che·mish KAHR-kuh-mish'
Cassander 134 kuh-SAN-duhr
Cassius 253 KA-sh(ee-)uhs, KA-s(ee-)uhs, KASH-uhs
Cestius 196 ?
Chaldean 7 Chal·de'an kal-DEE-uhn (not chal-)
chancellor 259 CHAN(T)-s(uh-)luhr
charlatan 105 SHAHR-luh-tuhn
Charlemagne 243 SHAR-luh-mayn(')
chrysolite 202 chrys'o·lite KRIH-suh-li t', KRIS-uh-li t
Cleopatra 211 klee'uh-PAT-ruh, -PAH-truh
Clitus 160 ?
Codommanus 169 koh-duh-MAN-uhs, kah-, kod-uh-
Coele-Syria 221 see'lee-SIHR-ee-uh
Constantine 242 KAHN(T)-stuhn-teen', -ti n'
Constantinople  243     kahn'stan'tuh-NOH-puhl, kon'stan-tn-OH-puhl, kahn'stan'tuhn-OH-puhl
Croesus 150 KREE-suhs
crucible 69 KROO-suh-buhl
cuneiform 15 kyoo-NEE-uh-form('), KYOO-n(ee-)uh-form
Cyrus 9 Cyrus, Cy'rus SI -ruhs
       

D  -  KEY

     
Daniel  8  Daniel, Dan'i·el  DAN-yuhl
Dardenelles 155 dahr'duhn-ELZ
Darius 17 Da·ri'us duh-RI -uhs, (not DAIR-ee-uhs)
Demetrius 163 De·me'tri·us duh-MEE-tree-uhs, dih-
Diodorus 197 di 'oh-DAWR-uhs, -DOHR-
Diodorus Siculus* 197 di 'oh-DAWR-uhs, -DOHR-, SIK-yuh-luhs
Domitian 239 duh-MISH-uhn, -MISH-ee-uhn
Dura 72 Du'ra DUHR-uh, DYUHR-ah
       

E  -  KEY

     
Ea 71 AY-ah, EE-ah
Ecbatana 52 Ec·bat'a·na ek-BAT-uh-nuh
Ecclesiasticus 24 ih-klee'zee-AS-tih-kuhs
Elam 166 E'lam EE-lam, EE-luhm
Eleusis 231 ih-LOO-sis, -suhs
Elymais or Elymaïs 226 el'uh-MAY-uhs
Emesa 241 EM-uh-suh
Enlil 71 EN-lil, en-LIL
Entente 260 ahn-TAHNT
entente cordiale 260 AHN-TAHNT  kawr-DYAHL
ephod 203 eph'od EF-od in NW (same sources EE-fod)
Epiphanes 13 ih-PIF-uh-neez
Eros 241 ER-ahs', ER-os, EER-os, IR-, AIR-ohs, IHR-ahs
Esagila 89 ?
Eumenes 227 yoo-MEN-eez
Euphrates 100 Eu·phra'tes yoo-FRAY-tees, -teez
Eusebius 197 yoo-SEE-bee-uhs
Evil-merodach 50 E'vil-mer'o·dach ee'vuhl-MER-oh-dak, -MER-uh-dak, EE-vuhl-MER-uh-dahk'
Ezida 89 ?
       

F  -  KEY

     
Firth, Solway 138 ferth, fuhrth, SAHL-way
       

G  -  KEY

     
Gabriel 166 Ga'bri·el GAY-bree-uhl (not GAB-ree-el', -uhl)
Gaius 248 Ga'ius GAY-uhs(') -yuhs (sometimes GI-uhs)
Gallienus 252 gal'ee-EE-nuhs, gal'i-EE-nuhs
Gallus 196 GAL-uhs
Gaugamela 53 gaw'guh-MEE-luh
Gaumata 52 ?
Gaza 158 Ga'za GAY-zuh (not GAZ-uh, GAH-zuh)
Germanicus 236 juhr-MAN-ih-kuhs
Gnaeus Pompey 216 NI-uhs  POM-pee
Gonatas 215 goh-NAY-tuhs
Goth 242 GAHTH
grandee(s) 93 grandees gran-DEES
grandeur 87 grandeur GRAN-juhr, GRAN-d(y)uhr
Granicus 157 gruh-NI-kuhs
Gubaru 18 ? (possibly goo-BAHR-roo)
       

H  -  KEY

     
Habakkuk 134 Ha·bak'kuk huh-BAK-uhk (not huh-BAK-uh)
Hadrian 239 HAY-dree-uhn
Hague, The 259 hayg,  thuh HAYG
Hamitic 136 ha-MIT-ik, huh- (not ham-MET-ik)
Hananiah 7 Han·a·ni'ah han'uh-NI -uh
Hanukkah 227 HAH-nuh-kuh, Ashk. Heb. KHAH-nuh-kuh, Seph. Heb. khah-noo-KAH
Hapsburg 244 HAPS-berg, Ger. HAHPS-boork'
Heliodorus 227 hee'lee-oh-DAWR-uhs
Hellenistic 171 hel'uh-NIS-tik
Hellenized 23 HEL-uh-nized', HE-luh-nized
Hellespont 155 HE-luh-spahnt', HEL-uh-spont'
Heracles (compare Hercules) 162 HER-uh-kleez'
Hercules (compare Heracles) 154 HUHR-kyuh-leez'
Herodotus 17 hih-RAH-duh-tuhs, huh-ROD-uh-tuhs (not -ROH-duh-
Hiddekel 202 Hid'de·kel HID-uh-kel, HID-ih-kel
Hitzig 14 ?
Homs 241 hawms, hawmz, huhms
Honorius 243 hoo-NAWR-ee-uhs, huh-NOHR-ee-uhs
Horace 249 HAWR-is, HOR-is
Hystaspes 212 his-TAS-peez
       

I  -  KEY

     
Iliad 155 IL-ee-uhd, -ad'
Indus 149 IN-duhs
Ionian 150 i-OH-nee-uhn
Ipsus 215 IP-suhs
Iran 145 ih-RAN, -RAHN, ee-RAHN, i -RAN
Iraq 90 ih-RAK, -RAHK, ee-RAHK
Ishtar 71 ISH-tahr
Issus 157 IS-uhs
Istanbul 167 is'tahn-BOOL, -tan-, IS-tahn-bool', -tan-
       

J  -  KEY

     
Jehoiachin 32 Je·hoi'a·chin juh-HOI-uh-kin, jih-, jee- (not -HOH-, not -chin
Jehoiakim 18 Je·hoi'a·kim juh-HOI-uh-kim, jih-
Jehoshaphat 25 Je·hosh'a·phat juh-HOSH-uh-fat, jih- (not -HOH-shuh-)
Jesus Ben Sirach 24 jee'zuhs ben-SI -ruhk, -rak
Josephus 25 joh-SEE-fuhs
judicial judicial (Daniel 9:5) joo-DISH-uhl, -DIH-shuhl
jurisdictional 74 jurisdictional juhr'uhs-DIK-shnuhl, -shuh-nuhl, -shuh-nuhl
       

K  -  KEY

     
kaiser 244 KI-zuhr
khedive 247 kuh-DEEV
Kittim 262 Kit'tim KIT-im, KIH-tim
Koine 54 koi·ne' (Intro.) koi-NAY, also KOI-nay; Modern Greek kee-NEE
       

L  -  KEY

     
Laenas 231 ?
Laodice 219 lay-OD-uh-see
Longimanus 53 lohn-jim-AY-nus, lawng-juh-MAH-nuhs
Longinus 253 lahn-JI-nuhs, lon-
Lusitania 264 loo'suh-TAY-nee-uh, -sih-, -TAY-nyuh
Luxembourg 266 LUK-suhm-berg, Ger. LOOK-suhm-boorkh
lycanthropy 93 li-KAN(T)-thruh-pee
Lysimachus 134 li -SIM-uh-kuhs
       

M  -  KEY

     
Maccabaeus (also spelled Maccabeus, Machabeus) 227 mak'uh-BEE-uhs
Maccabean 20 mak'uh-BEE-uhn
Maccabees 227 MAK-uh-beez
Macedonia 134 Mac·e·do'ni·a mas'uh-DOH-nee-uh, -DOHN-yuh
Macedonian 23 Mac·e·do'ni·an mas'uh-DOH-nee-uhn
Maedi 155 ?
Magian 52 MAY-jee-uhn
Magnesia 226 mag-NEE-she-uh, -zhee-uh
Marduk 8 MAHR-dyook, -dook
Mazda, Ahura 151 ah-hoor'uh MAZ-duh (listen), (not MAHZ-)
Mede 17 Mede MEED
Mene, Tekel, Parsin 108 ME'NE, TE'KEL, PAR'SIN   MEE-nee, TEE-kuhl, TEE-kel, PAHR-sin (yoo-FAHR-sin in some Bibles)
Merodach 33 Mer'o·dach MER-oh-dak, -uh-dahk'
Meshach 35 Me'shach MEE-shak
Mesopotamia 134 Mes·o·po·ta'mi·a mes'oh-puh-TAY-mee-uh, mes'uh-
Michael 177 Mi'cha·el MI-kay-uhl, commonly MI-kuhl
Miletus 172 Mi·le'tus mi-LEE-tuhs
mina 108 mi'na MI-nuh
Mishael 7 Mish'a·el MISH-ay-el, -uhl
Mordecai 25 Mor'de·cai MOR-duh-ki (not mor'duh-KI-uh)
       

N  -  KEY

     
Nabonidus 15 nab'uh-NI-duhs (not na-BON-ih-duhs)
Nabopolassar 31 nab'uh-puh-LAS-uhr
Napoleon, Napoléon 244 nuh-POH-lee-uhn, nuh-POHL-yuhn
Nazi 211 NAHT-see, NAT-see
Nebo 36 Ne'bo (Isaiah 46:1) NEE-boh
Nebuchadnezzar 7 Neb·u·chad·nez'zar neb'uh-kuhd-NEZ-uhr, ne'byuh-kuh-NEH-zuhr, neb'yoo-kuhd-NEZ-uhr
Nebuchadrezzar 89 Neb·u·chad·rez'zar neb'uh-kuh-DREZ-uhr, ne'byuh-kuh-DRE-zuhr, -buh-, neb'yoo-kuhd-REZ-uhr
Necho 18 Ne'cho NEE-koh
Nehemiah 190 Ne·he·mi'ah nee'huh-MI -uh, nee'hih-, nee'uh-MI -uh
Nerva 239 NER-vuh
netherworld 313 NEH-thuhr-wuhrld'
Nicaea 242 ni-SEE-uh
Nicator 162 ni-KAY-tuhr, NI-kay'tuhr
Nineveh 53 Nin'e·veh NIN-uh-vuh
       

O  -  KEY

     
obelisk 72 OB-uh-lisk, AH-buh-lisk', also OH-
Octavian 248 ok-TAY-vee-uhn
Odaenathus 252 (see Odenathus)
Odenathus 253 od-ih-NAY-thuhs
Odoacer 242 oh'doh-AY-suhr, OH-duh-way'suhr
Olympias 154 uh-LIM-pee-uhs, oh-
Ottoman 61 OT-uh-muhn
       

P  -  KEY

     
Palmyra 240 pal-MI-ruh (listen)
Palmyrene 211 pal'muh-REEN, pal'mi-REEN
Paneas 224 ?
Parmenio 158 pahr-MEE-nih-oh
(sometimes) Parmenion pahr-MEE-nee-uhn
Pasargadae 152 puh-SAHR-guh-dee'
Pater Patriae 249 PAH-ter PAH-tree-i, Eng. PAY-tuhr PAY-tree-ee'
Pax Romana 250 PAKS roh-may'nuh, -mah'-, PAHKS
Paz, Octavio 172 ok-TAH-vyoh PAHS
Pella (Macedonia) 155 PEL-uh
Peres 109 PE'RES PEE-res
Pergamum 227 Per'ga·mum PUHR-guh-muhm
Persepolis 54 puhr-SEP-uh-lis
Persia 25 Persia PUHR-zhuh, -shuh
Persian 9 Persian PUHR-zhuhn, -shuhn
Phalereus, Demetrius 163 fuh-LEER-oos, -ee-uhs
Pharaoh 37 Phar'aoh FER-oh, FAIR-oh,  also FAY-roh (listen) but not FAY-roh in NW
Philippi 224 Phi·lip'pi fih-LIP-iin NW, also FIL-uh-pi '
Philotas 161 fi-LAH-tas
Phoenicia 222 Phoe·ni'cia fih-NISH-uh, -NEE-, fuh-NEE-shee-uh
Phoenician 224 Phoe·ni'cian fih-NISH-uhn, -NEE-, fuh-NEE-shun
Phrygia 215 Phryg'i·a FRIJ-ee-uh, FRIH-jee-uh
Plataea 213 pluh-TEE-uh
Plutarch 160 PLOO-tahrk
polytheistic 84 pah'lee-thee-IS-tik
Pompey, Gnaeus 216 PAHM-pee (listen), NI-uhs, not pahm-PAY
Popilius 231 ?
Porphyry (proper name) 14 — por'phy·ry (stone) PAWR-f(uh-)ree (listen
Porus 159 PAWR-uhs
postexilic 25 pohst'eg-ZIL-ik, pohst'ek-SIL-ik
Praetorian 238 prae·to'ri·an pree-TOR-ee-uhn, -TAWR-, -TOHR-, prih- (listen)
prefect(s) 79 prefects PREE-fekt(s)'
Ptolemaic 55 tol'uh-MAY-ik
Ptolemais, Ptolemaïs (aka Acco) 221 Ptol·e·ma'is tawl'uh-MAY-uhs, tol-
Ptolemy 134 TOL-uh-mee, TAH-luh-mee
       

Q  -  KEY

     
Qumran, Khirbet 27 KOOM-rahn, koom-RAHN, koom-RAN, KIHR-bet
       

R  -  KEY

     
Raphia 223 ruh-FI-uh, ra-FEE-ah, RA-fee-ah
Reich 259 rik, Ger. rikh
Roxana 160 rok-SAN-uh
       

S  -  KEY

     
Salamis 213 Sal'a·mis SAL-uh-mis
Sanhedrin 145 San'he·drin SAN-heh-drihn, SAN-ih-drihn, SA-nuh-druhn, some sources san-HED-rin, sahn-, san-HEE-druhn, Gr. soon-ED-ree-on (listen)
Saracen 243 SAR-uh-suhn
Sarajevo 261 sar'uh-YAY-voh
satrap(s) 18, 116 satraps, sa'trap SAY-trap('), SA-trap', -truhp
Scopas 224 SKOH-puhs
Sejanus 239 sih-JAY-nuhs
Seleucia 215 Se·leu'cia suh-LOO-sh(ee-)uh, sih-LOO-shuh, suh-LOO-shee-uh
Seleucid 162 suh-LOO-suhd, sih-LOO-sid
Seleucus 162 suh-LOO-kuhs
Semitic 136 sih-MIT-ik, also sih-MET-ik
Septimia 240 sep-TIM-ee-uh
Septuagint 23 SEP-too-uh-jint('), -tyoo-, SEP-choo-jint', sep-TOO-uh-juhnt, -TYOO-, SEP-tuh-wuh-jint'
Shadrach 35 Sha'drach SHAY-drak (not SHAD-rak)
Shamash 71 SHAH-mahsh
Shapur 252 shah-POOR
Shinar 33 Shi'nar SHI-nahr
Shushan 166 Shu'shan SHOO-shan
Siculus 197 SIK-yuh-luhs
Sidon 224 Si'don SI-duhn
Sin 71 sin
Stalin 256 STAH-lin, STAL-in, STAH-leen
Sumerian 34 soo-MEER-ee-uhn, -MER-, -MIR-
Susa 54 Su'sa SOO-suh, -sah
suzerainty 149 SOO-zuh-ruhn-tee, -rayn'tee, SOOZ-ruhn-tee
       

T  -  KEY

     
Tacitus 239 TAS-uh-tuhs, -ih-
Tanakh (Tanach) 187 TAH-nahk, tah-NAHK, tah-NAHKH
Taurus 226 TAWR-uhs
Taxila 159 TAK-suh-luh, -sil-uh
Themistocles 197 thuh-MIS-tuh-kleez(')
Theodosius 243 thee'uh-DOH-shuhs, -shee-uhs, thee-oh-DOHZ-ee-uhs
Thermopylae 213 thur'MAH-puh-lee', thuhr-MOP-uh-lee'
Thrace thrays
Thracian 155 THRAY-shuhn
Thucydides 197 th(y)oo-SIH-duh-deez'
Tiberius 191 Ti·be'ri·us ti-BIHR-ee-uhs
Tigris 202 TI -gris
Titus 196 Titus TI-tuhs
Tocqueville, Alexis de 270 al-lek-sees duh tawk-VEEL, tohk-VEEL, TOHK-vil (listen)
Trajan 239 TRAY-juhn
Tyne (River) 138 tin
       

U  -  KEY

     
Ulai 166 U'lai YOO-li
uPharsin (Daniel 5:25 ftn.) 108 yoo-FAHR-sin
Uphaz 203 U'phaz YOO-faz
Ur 15 Ur UHR, UR, ER (Listen)
       

V  -  KEY

     
Vespasian 239 ves-PAY-zhuhn, -zhee-uhn
viceroy 247 VIS-roi
Virgil 249 VUHR-juhl
von 259 von, Ger. fawn, (unstressed) fuhn
       

W  -  KEY

     
Wilhelm 259 WIL-helm, Ger. VIL-helm
       

X  -  KEY

     
Xenophon 17 ZEN-uh-fuhn, -fon'
Xerxes 53 ZERK-seez
       

Z  -  KEY

     
Zabbai 241 Zab'bai ZAB-i
Zabdas 241 ?
Zaphenath-paneah 35 Zaph'e·nath-pa·ne'ah zaf'uh-nath-puh-NEE-uh
Zenobia 240 zuh-NOH-bee-uh, zih-
Zerubbabel 96 Ze·rub'ba·bel zee-RUB-uh-buhl, zuh-RUHB-uh-buhl
Zeus 227 Zeus ZOOS
ziggurat 70 ZIG-oo-rat(')
zither 75 zither ZITH-uhr (listen), ZITH-
Zoroaster 151 zoh'roh-AS-tuhr, ZAWR-oh-as'tuhr, ZOHR-, zawr'oh-AS-tuhr, zohr'- (listen)
Zoroastrian 152 zawr'oh-AS-tree-uhn, zohr'-



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NOTE: When words are not divided into syllables in the New World Translation, but are divided in the Insight on the Scriptures book, the words from the Insight book are included in the NW column of the above chart. Example: Caesar, Cae'sar

All phonetic pronunciations included in this chart are presented in American English, and are approximate. Regional pronunciations may vary, and also pronunciations may differ in other English-speaking countries. Some words in this chart may have other "correct" or accepted pronunciations that are not included here.

Phonetic pronunciation with an underline indicates the pronunciation that most closely matches the audio pronunciation on the Watchtower Library 2004 CD, © 2005 by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania.

GUIDELINES FOR PRONUNCIATION IN THE NEW WORLD TRANSLATION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES:

  1. The accent mark follows the syllable on which major emphasis should be put in pronouncing the word.
  2. If the accented syllable ends in a vowel, the vowel is long in its pronunciation.
  3. If a syllable ends in a consonant, the vowel in that syllable is short in its pronunciation.
  4. When the two vowels a and i are combined, as in Mor'de·cai and Si'nai, the ai is pronounced simply as a long i.
  5. The ch combination in names is pronounced hard, like k, (except in Rachel, where ch is soft). Example: Chaldean = kal-DEE-uhn.

References for information about pronunciation:



GUIDELINES FOR PHONETIC PRONUNCIATION:

  1. The syllable with the heaviest stress is CAPITALIZED. Example: Pharaoh = FAIR-oh
  2. The syllable with the second heaviest stress is followed by an accent [ ' ] mark. Example: Hananiah = han'uh-NI-uh
  3. Syllables or accent marks pronounced optionally are enclosed within ( parentheses ). Example: Cassius as KA-sh(ee-)uhs = either KA-shee-uhs or KA-shuhs

NOTE: For help with phonics, syllable, and accent rules in English, see this Web site: http://english.glendale.cc.ca.us/phonics.rules.html.



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KEY TO PHONETIC PRONUNCIATION:


LETTER   SOUND    LETTER   SOUND    LETTER   SOUND  
a at, cat, mat, snap ihr ear, fear p pat, peer
ah father, bother j join, jeer r rain, run
ahr lard, yard k kick, cat, pique s less, so
ai air, care, fair, prayer, there kh, kh ch in Ger. ich, Buch sh sure, shy, machine
aw jaw, saw, all, caught ks vex t late, tie, toe
ay [long "a"] day, pay, obey, weigh kw quill th thin, thistle, ether, bath
b bug, cab l love, lily th, or th then, this, father, either, bathe
ch chew, chin, rich m mat, murmur ts tsetse
d did, do n no, not, own tw tweak, twin
e, eh bed, pet, peck ng finger, sing, ink u book, foot, put, pull, wood
ee [long "e"] beat, easy, seem, Eve o cot, hot, not uh [schwa] ago, alone, banana, linen
er error, ere oh [long "o"] bone, go, know, toe uhr bird, further, her
f cuff, fifty, fun oi boy, destroy v vivid, vow, eve
g big, gift, good oo boot, rule, youth, w away, weather
h ahead, hat, hot oor poor, ore, Moor y yard, young
hw when, whether, which or for, glory z raise, ease, zone, zipper
i [long "i"] tie, sky, side, buy, eye ou how, loud, now, out zh vision, azure, pleasure, rouge
i, ih it, tip, active xuh raised letters, barely pronounced xn raised n, pronounced with nasal passages open


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SOURCES USED IN PREPARING THIS PRONUNCIATION CHART:

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